JOURNAL ARTICLE

Temperature evaluation during PMMA screw augmentation in osteoporotic bone—an in vitro study about the risk of thermal necrosis in human femoral heads

Vanessa Boner, Philipp Kuhn, Thomas Mendel, Armando Gisep
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials 2009, 90 (2): 842-8
19353575
The use of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement to augment hip screws reduces cut-out risk but is associated with an exothermic reaction. This in vitro investigation evaluated the risk of thermal necrosis when augmenting the implant purchase with PMMA. A pilot study analyzed the effects of different PMMA layer thicknesses on temperatures around an implant. The main study used either 3.0 or 6.0 cc PMMA for hip screw augmentation in human femoral heads. The risk of thermal necrosis was estimated according to critical values reported in literature. Highest temperatures were measured inside the PMMA with a significant drop of average maximum temperatures from the center of the PMMA to the PMMA/bone interface. Risk of thermal necrosis exists with PMMA layer thicknesses greater than 5.0 mm. In the main study, we found no risk of thermal necrosis at the PMMA/bone interface or in the surrounding bone, neither with 3.0 nor 6.0 cc PMMA. The results of the two studies were consistent regarding average peak temperatures related to associated cement layer thicknesses. The results of this in vitro study reduce objections concerning the risk of thermal necrosis when augmenting cancellous bone around hip screws with up to 6.0 cc PMMA.

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