Pulse pressure variations adjusted by alveolar driving pressure to assess fluid responsiveness

Fabrice Vallée, Jean Christophe M Richard, Arnaud Mari, Thomas Gallas, Eric Arsac, Pascale Sanchez Verlaan, Benjamin Chousterman, Kamran Samii, Michèle Genestal, Olivier Fourcade
Intensive Care Medicine 2009, 35 (6): 1004-10

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of DeltaPP/DeltaP [pulse pressure variations (DeltaPP) adjusted by alveolar pressure variations (DeltaP = Pplat-PEEPtot)] in predicting fluid responsiveness, to compare its accuracy to that of DeltaPP used alone and to evaluate the influence of tidal volume (Vt) on these two indices.

DESIGN: Prospective study.

SETTING: A 22-bed general intensive care unit (ICU).

PATIENTS: Eighty-four surgical or medical ventilated patients requiring fluid challenge.

INTERVENTION: A 6 ml/kg colloid fluid challenge in 30 min.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Hemodynamic measurements taken before and after fluid challenge. Patients separated into responders and nonresponders according to a 15% increase in their cardiac output. Thirty-nine patients found to be responders and 45 nonresponders. DeltaPP/DeltaP and DeltaPP were both higher in responders than in nonresponders. DeltaPP/DeltaP was a better predictor of fluid responsiveness than PP, especially for patients ventilated with Vt > or = 8 ml/kg [area under the curve (AUC) 0.88 (0.77-0.98) versus 0.75 (0.60-0.89), P < 0.01)]. In this population DeltaPP/DeltaP higher than 0.9 predicted fluid response with positive predictive value of 87% and negative predictive value of 78%. Overall DeltaPP and DeltaPP/DeltaP reliability was poor for patients ventilated with Vt < 8 ml/kg [AUC 0.63 (0.45-0.81) and 0.72 (0.55-0.88), respectively].

CONCLUSION: In this mixed ICU population PP adjusted by P is a simple index which outperforms DeltaPP for patients ventilated with Vt > or = 8 ml/kg. However, correcting DeltaPP by DeltaP still fails to predict fluid response reliably in patients ventilated with low tidal volume.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"