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Robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy as management for pelvic organ prolapse.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (RALS) is a new surgical management option for pelvic organ prolapse that secures the apex of the vagina to the sacral promontory. Limited literature exists on outcomes of this procedure. We present our initial experience with RALS.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women with vaginal vault prolapse and significant apical defects as defined by a Baden-Walker score of 3 or greater were offered RALS without any other procedure. Chart review was performed to analyze operative and perioperative data, including urodynamics (UDS) and Baden-Walker classification before and after surgery. Data were analyzed with comparison of presurgical and postsurgical data.

RESULTS: From July 2005 through July 2007, 21 patients underwent RALS. Blood loss was negligible. Average operative time, including robot docking, was 3 hours, 14 minutes. Nineteen patients were discharged on postoperative day 1. UDS were not changed significantly. One patient had an apical recurrence. There were no operative complications or conversions; however, one patient had a small bowel obstruction 5 days after surgery necessitating laparotomy. Of the 21 patients, 12 have undergone anterior and posterior repair, 5 await repair, and 4 patients have opted for conservative management.

CONCLUSIONS: RALS is effective to repair apical vaginal defects in patients with significant pelvic organ prolapse. Operative time is manageable and complications are few. Cystocele, rectocele, and UDS remain essentially unchanged by RALS. Most, if not all, patients with cystocele and rectocele will need further vaginal reconstruction after RALS, if desired. Greater follow-up and numbers are needed to further establish the role of this procedure.

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