OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Screening the population for left ventricular hypertrophy and left ventricular systolic dysfunction using natriuretic peptides: results from the Dallas Heart Study

James A de Lemos, Darren K McGuire, Amit Khera, Sandeep R Das, Sabina A Murphy, Torbjorn Omland, Mark H Drazner
American Heart Journal 2009, 157 (4): 746-53.e2
19332205

BACKGROUND: Identification of individuals in the community with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) or left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) may allow earlier initiation of disease-modifying treatment. We performed a comprehensive evaluation of the screening performance of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) for LVSD or LVH.

METHODS: In 2,429 subjects without a history of heart failure, myocardial infarction, valvular abnormalities, or a serum creatinine >2.0 mg/dL enrolled in the Dallas Heart Study, measurement of BNP and NT-proBNP and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging were performed.

RESULTS: B-type natriuretic peptide and NT-proBNP were robustly associated with magnetic resonance imaging-defined LVH and LVSD (ejection fraction <55%) among men and women (P < .0001 for each). In the overall population, neither test discriminated well for LVH or LVSD (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUROC] <0.7). Among women, no differences in AUROC were observed between BNP and NT-proBNP. Among men, AUROCs were similar between BNP and NT-proBNP in the overall population, but among subgroups age 50 or older, or with hypertension, the AUROCs for NT-proBNP (0.73-0.79) were higher than for BNP (0.63-0.69, P < .05 for each comparison). Compared with subjects with isolated BNP elevation (>97.5th percentile), those with isolated NT-proBNP elevation had worse renal function and more LVH and coronary calcium (P < .05 for each).

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, neither BNP nor NT-proBNP accurately discriminated subjects with LVH or LVSD in this predominately young and healthy population-based cohort. However, among high-risk men, NT-proBNP performed slightly better than BNP and comparably with other routinely used screening tests such as prostate-specific antigen measurement for prostate cancer.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19332205
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"