Structure and function of benzoylurea-derived alpha-helix mimetics targeting the Bcl-x(L)/Bak binding interface

Johanna M Rodriguez, Nathan T Ross, William P Katt, Deepali Dhar, Gui-In Lee, Andrew D Hamilton
ChemMedChem 2009, 4 (4): 649-56
The Bcl-x(L)/Bak protein-protein interaction has emerged as an important target for cancer therapy due to its role in apoptosis. Inhibition of this interaction by small-molecule antagonists induces apoptosis in unhealthy cells. Bak, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein, projects four hydrophobic side chains (V74, L78, I81, and I85), corresponding to the i, i+4, i+7, and i+11 positions of an alpha-helix, into a hydrophobic cleft on Bcl-x(L). Herein, we present a novel family of rationally designed alpha-helix mimetics with improved solubility and synthetic feasibility based on a benzoylurea scaffold. These benzoylurea derivatives favor a linear conformation stabilized by an intramolecular hydrogen bond, and are able to mimic the spatial projection of the i, i+4, and i+7 residues of an alpha-helix. The binding of the benzoylurea derivatives to Bcl-x(L) was assessed using fluorescence polarization competition assays, isothermal titration calorimetry, and (15)N-HSQC experiments. These experiments showed that these agents bind to and disrupt Bcl-x(L) with low micromolar inhibition and dissociation constants, with (15)N-HSQC experiments confirming binding to the hydrophobic pocket of Bcl-x(L) normally occupied by the Bak helix.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"