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Functional and anatomic results of amnion vaginoplasty in young women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical outcome and the long-term anatomic and functional results in young women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKH) undergoing neovaginal creation with amniotic membranes.

DESIGN: Evaluation of surgical and functional outcome according to clinical records and validated questionnaires about sexuality (Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI]) over a 1.5-year follow-up period.

SETTING: University hospital and referral center for pediatric and adolescent gynecology.

PATIENT(S): Seven patients with congenital vaginal aplasia with a mean age of 20.86 +/- 3.56 years (range 17-26 years).

INTERVENTION(S): McIndoe procedure modified by the application of human freeze-dried amniotic membranes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Anatomic success was defined by a vaginal length >or=8 cm, and a width allowing the easy introduction of two fingers. FSFI scores were applied to define functional results.

RESULT(S): Mean neovaginal length was 9.3 cm (range 4-12 cm). The mean FSFI score was 30.0 +/- 6.9. Major operative complications occurred in one patient. In six out of seven patients satisfactory anatomic and functional results were achieved.

CONCLUSION(S): The surgical dissection of the vesicorectal space and the application of human amnion over a vaginal mold to create a neovagina results in satisfying anatomic and functional outcome with low perioperative morbidity in MRKH patients.

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