Outcome of patients with liver cirrhosis admitted to a specialty liver intensive care unit in India

Deven Juneja, Palepu B Gopal, Dharmesh Kapoor, Ravichandra Raya, Mohan Sathyanarayanan, Parveen Malhotra
Journal of Critical Care 2009, 24 (3): 387-93

PURPOSE: The study aimed to describe the clinical outcome of patients with liver cirrhosis admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare the performance of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) in predicting mortality.

METHODS: In this prospective study of patients with cirrhosis admitted to the ICU, demographic data, APACHE II score, SOFA score, presence of acute renal failure (ARF), need for organ support, and mortality were collected.

RESULTS: The observed mortality in ICU and at 30 days among 104 patients was 42.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 32.7%-52.0%) and 56.7% (95% CI, 47.0%-66.4%), respectively. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for first-day APACHE II in predicting 30-day mortality was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.83-0.96) and 0.93 (95% CI, 0.88-0.98) for SOFA score (P = .24). On multivariate analysis, ARF (adjusted odds ratio, 7.7; 95% CI, 1.09-54.64) and mechanical ventilation (adjusted odds ratio, 277.6; 95% CI, 12.83-6004.94) were significantly associated with mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: Presence of ARF and need for mechanical ventilation are associated with high mortality in patients with liver cirrhosis admitted to the ICU. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and SOFA are good prognostic models in predicting 30-day mortality and do not differ in performance.

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