Dopamine therapy in septic shock: detrimental effect on survival?

Thierry Boulain, Isabelle Runge, Nicolas Bercault, Dalila Benzekri-Lefevre, Manuel Wolf, Christian Fleury
Journal of Critical Care 2009, 24 (4): 575-82

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the potential impact of dopamine therapy on 28-day mortality in adult septic shock.

METHODS: For 66 months, clinical data, medications taken before admission, doses of catecholamines used, and biological parameters were recorded prospectively in all patients admitted for septic shock. This observational study was followed by (1) post hoc multivariate analyses and (2) risk-adjusted matched cohort study.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In 277 patients (65 +/- 14 years; Simplified Acute Physiology Score II = 54 +/- 19, 28-day mortality = 45%; hospital mortality = 53%), 6 factors were linked to 28-day mortality, including Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (P < .0001) and the use of dopamine (P = .043). In a pair-matched cohort of 132 patients, we observed a higher mortality with dopamine (28-day mortality of 62% vs 41%, respectively; P = .006). Dopamine remained linked to day 28 mortality by conditional logistic analysis (odds ratio = 6.2 [1.5-25]). A strong interaction between essential hypertension and dopamine was found, associated to 81% 28-day mortality in patients having both conditions.

CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort study, dopamine use was linked to mortality as compared to other vasopressor therapies, particularly in patients with essential hypertension. Future randomized studies attempting to compare dopamine with other therapies in septic shock should pay attention to patients with essential hypertension.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"