JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hand-carried echocardiography for assessment of left ventricular filling and ejection fraction in the surgical intensive care unit

Dustin G Mark, Geoffrey E Hayden, Bonnie Ky, Anna Paszczuk, Monica Pugh, Shannon Matthews, Annamarie Horan, Vicente H Gracias, James N Kirkpatrick, Anthony J Dean
Journal of Critical Care 2009, 24 (3): 470.e1-7
19327304

PURPOSE: To better define the reliability of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular filling, as determined by either hand-carried ultrasound (HCU) or formal transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), in the critically ill surgical patient.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study of 80 surgical intensive care unit patients with concomitant (<30 minutes apart) formal TTE and clinician-performed cardiac HCU. Visual estimates of LVEF and left ventricular filling ("underfilled" vs "normally filled") were recorded, both by clinicians performing HCU and fellowship-trained echocardiographers.

RESULTS: Bland-Altman plot analysis of LVEF estimates revealed good interobserver agreement between HCU and formal TTE (% LVEF mean bias, -2.2; with 95% limits of agreement, +/-22.1). This was similar to agreement between independent echocardiography observers (% LVEF mean bias, 1.3; with 95% limits of agreement, +/-21.0). However, assessments of left ventricular filling demonstrated only fair to moderate interobserver agreement (kappa = 0.22-0.40). Of note, a greater percentage of the 5 standard acoustic windows were obtainable using formal TTE (72% vs 56%).

CONCLUSIONS: Formal TTE offers no advantage over HCU for determination of LVEF in critically ill surgical patients, even though the former allows for a more complete examination. However, estimations of left ventricular filling only demonstrate fair to moderate interrater agreement and thus should be interpreted with care when used as markers of volume responsiveness.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19327304
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"