New-generation drugs that stimulate platelet production in chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura

Alan T Nurden, Jean-Fran├žois Viallard, Paquita Nurden
Lancet 2009 May 2, 373 (9674): 1562-9
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is an acquired disease characterised by a low platelet count. Development of autoantibodies is a main cause of the disease. Although many patients have few symptoms, life-threatening bleeding can arise and hence, when platelet counts fall to unacceptable values treatment should be initiated. However, conventional immunosuppressive approaches can fail, perhaps because of the heterogeneous nature of the disease. Newly developed agents that increase platelet production by stimulating megakaryocytes-such as drugs that bind to the thrombopoietin receptor c-MPL-offer an alternative treatment strategy. Although initial thrombopoietin analogues caused adverse immune reactions, second-generation thrombopoietin-receptor agonists that are in late-stage clinical development seem promising. In particular, eltrombopag and romiplostim safely increase and maintain platelet production in patients with refractory disease. However, long-term side-effects are being assessed and the exact role of these agents in the overall treatment strategy of chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura remains to be established.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"