JOURNAL ARTICLE

Rational biosynthetic engineering for optimization of geldanamycin analogues

Woncheol Kim, Dongho Lee, Seong Su Hong, Zhu Na, Jin Chul Shin, Su Heun Roh, Cheng-Zhu Wu, Oksik Choi, Kyeong Lee, Yue-Mao Shen, Sang-Gi Paik, Jung Joon Lee, Young-Soo Hong
Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology 2009 May 4, 10 (7): 1243-51
19308924
Tailor made: We report the rational biosynthesis of C15 hydroxylated non-quinone geldanamycin analogues by site-directed mutagenesis of the geldanamycin polyketide synthase (PKS), together with a combination of post-PKS tailoring genes. Rational biosynthetic engineering allowed the generation of geldanamycin derivatives, such as DHQ3 illustrated in the figure, which had superior pharmacological properties in comparison to the parent compound. A rational biosynthetic engineering approach was applied to the optimization of the pharmacological properties of the benzoquinone ansamycin, geldanamycin. Geldanamycin and its natural or semisynthetic derivatives have the potential to serve as anticancer chemotherapeutic agents. However, these first-generation Hsp90 inhibitors share an unfavorable structural feature that causes both reduced efficacy and toxicity during clinical evaluation. We report the rationally designed biosynthesis of C15 hydroxylated non-quinone geldanamycin analogues by site-directed mutagenesis of the geldanamycin polyketide synthase (PKS), together with a combination of post-PKS tailoring genes. A 15-hydroxyl-17-demethoxy non-quinone analogue, DHQ3, exhibited stronger inhibition of Hsp90 ATPase activity (4.6-fold) than geldanamycin. Taken together, the results of the present study indicate that rational biosynthetic engineering allows the generation of derivatives of geldanamycin with superior pharmacological properties.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19308924
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"