MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

The management of hepatorenal syndrome

D E Carl, A Sanyal
Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2009, 55 (2): 207-26
19305378
The hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a common complication in advanced liver cirrhosis, and often occurs in patients with ascites and severe circulatory dysfunction. HRS is a functional renal failure which was believed to be the end result of progressive splanchnic vasodilatation. However, recent data have implicated a role of reduced cardiac output as well as endothelial dysfunction in the etiology of HRS. Type 1 HRS is associated with a poor prognosis and often occurs in conjunction with microcirculatory dysfunction in other organs, including the heart, brain and liver. The treatment of type 1 HRS has centered around vasoconstrictors and intravenous hydration, traditionally midodrine and albumin. However, new vasoconstrictors (specifically vasopressin analogues), transjugular intrahepatic portacaval shunts, and albumin dialysis have been introduced as potential therapies. This review will discuss new advances in the diagnosis and pathogenesis of HRS, with an emphasis on the management.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19305378
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"