Implementation of specialty centers for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Marc Eckstein, William Koenig, Amy Kaji, Richard Tadeo
Prehospital Emergency Care 2009, 13 (2): 215-22

BACKGROUND: Early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to be superior to fibrinolytic therapy and is associated with reduced morbidity and mortality for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

OBJECTIVE: To determine the performance of a regional system with prehospital 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) identification of STEMI patients and direct paramedic transport to STEMI receiving centers (SRCs) for provision of primary PCI.

METHODS: This was a prospective study evaluating the first year of implementation of a regional SRC network to determine the key time intervals for patients identified with STEMI in the prehospital setting. Results. During the 12-month study period, 1,220 patients with a suspected STEMI were identified on prehospital 12-lead ECG, of whom 734 (60%) underwent emergency PCI. A door-to-balloon time of 90 minutes or less was achieved for 651 (89%) patients, and 459 (62.5%) had EMS-patient contact-to-balloon times <or= 90 minutes. Transport of suspected STEMI patients to an SRC resulted in ambulance diversion from a closer ED for 31% of patients and a median increase in transport time of 3.8 minutes.

CONCLUSION: Door-to-balloon times within the 90-minute benchmark were achieved for almost 90% of STEMI patients transported by paramedics after implementing our regionalized SRC system.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"