Surgical treatment of 31 complex traumatic posterior urethral strictures associated with urethrorectal fistulas

Yue-Min Xu, Ying-Long Sa, Qiang Fu, Jiong Zhang, San-Bao Jin
European Urology 2010, 57 (3): 514-20

BACKGROUND: Urethrorectal fistulas (URF) in patients with complex posterior urethral strictures are rare and difficult to repair surgically. There is no widely accepted standard approach described in the published literature.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes of various operative approaches for the repair of URFs in patients with complex posterior urethral strictures.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: From January 1985 to December 2007, 31 patients (age: 6-61 yr; mean: 28.4) with URFs secondary to posterior urethral strictures were treated using a perineal or combined abdominal transpubic-perineal approach.

INTERVENTIONS: A simple perineal approach was used in 4 patients; a transperineal inferior pubectomy approach was used in 18 patients; and a combined transpubic-perineal approach was used in 9 patients. A bulbospongiosus muscle and subcutaneous dartos pedicle flaps were interposed between the repaired rectum and urethra in 22 patients. The combined transpubic-perineal approach used either a gracilis muscle flap (one patient) or a rectus muscle flap (eight patients).

MEASUREMENTS: Suprapubic catheterisation was used for bladder drainage, and a urethral silicone stent was left indwelling for 4 wk.

RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: One-stage repair was successful in 4 patients (100%) using the perineal approach, in 16 of 18 patients (88.9%) using the transperineal-inferior pubectomy approach, and in 7 of 9 patients (77.8%) using the transpubic-perineal approach. Recurrent urethral strictures developed in two cases; one patient required regular dilation, and the other patient was treated successfully with tubed perineoscrotal flap urethroplasty. Recurrent URFs developed in two additional patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Surgical approaches for the treatment of URFs associated with complex urethral strictures should be based on a number of considerations including the location of the URF, its aetiology, the length of the urethral strictures, and a history of previous unsuccessful repairs. These results demonstrate that the transperineal-inferior pubic approach may be appropriate as a first-line procedure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"