Involvement of tazarotene-induced gene 1 in proliferation and differentiation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells

S Ohnishi, K Okabe, H Obata, K Otani, S Ishikane, H Ogino, S Kitamura, N Nagaya
Cell Proliferation 2009, 42 (3): 309-16

OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have both self-renewal and multilineage differentiation potential, and bone marrow-derived MSC have been applied for tissue regeneration and repair. Although adipose tissue-derived MSC (ASC) have emerged as an alternative cell source, little information is available regarding the biologic difference between ASC derived from visceral and subcutaneous fat. Therefore, we aimed to compare the proliferation and gene expression profile of cultured human visceral ASC (VASC) and subcutaneous ASC (SASC), and to identify a novel gene involved in proliferation and differentiation of ASC.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed microarray analysis of cultured VASC and SASC, and investigated the role of tazarotene-induced gene 1 (TIG1), a most differentially expressed gene, in the proliferation and differentiation of ASC.

RESULTS: SASC proliferated faster than VASC for over 10 passages, and TIG1 expression was consistently up-regulated in VASC of humans, rats and mice. Overexpression of the TIG1 gene in human SASC inhibited cell proliferation, whereas knockdown of TIG1 expression by siRNA promoted cell proliferation. In addition, overexpression of the TIG1 gene in SASC enhanced their differentiation into adipocytes, and promoted up-regulation of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha. On the other hand, TIG1 overexpression in SASC inhibited their differentiation into osteocytes and the expression of osteocalcin.

CONCLUSION: TIG1 plays an important role in regulating proliferation and differentiation of ASC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"