JOURNAL ARTICLE

Preemptive living-donor renal transplantation: outcome and clinical advantages

S W Yoo, O J Kwon, C M Kang
Transplantation Proceedings 2009, 41 (1): 117-20
19249492

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplant recipients have a higher quality of life and consume fewer health care resources compared with patients on dialysis. However, optimal timing of transplantation has been controversial. Recent studies have clearly demonstrated that preemptive renal transplantation is associated with better graft survival, lower complications, and better cost-effective outcomes. We evaluated differential effects on long-term outcomes according to dialysis type/duration versus no dialysis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 499 cases of first living-donor kidney transplantations performed in our center from January 1990 to January 2007. We compared 3 groups according to graft survival, acute and chronic rejection, postoperative complication, and delayed graft function rates. The mean duration of follow-up was 119.1 +/- 47.2 months.

RESULTS: Among 499 cases, 81 cases were preemptive renal transplantations with 418 cases hemodialysis [HD], 343 cases, peritoneal dialysis [PD] 75 cases) performed after dialysis. The 1-, 5-, and 10-year graft survival rates were 98.8%, 89.5%, 79.4% among the preemptive renal transplantation group and 92.4%, 78.2%, and 69.2% and 85.3%, 74.5%, and 68.2% (P = .03) in the dialysis groups (HD, PD), respectively. The differential effect of pretransplantation HD or PD was not significant. However, the graft survival rates in the HD group were not significantly higher than the PD group (P = .61). The duration of dialysis was not associated with graft survival.

CONCLUSION: We suggest that preemptive renal transplantation should be the first choice of treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19249492
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"