MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Nitrifying community structures and nitrification performance of full-scale municipal and swine wastewater treatment plants

Liang-Ming Whang, I-Chieh Chien, Shi-Lung Yuan, Yi-Juu Wu
Chemosphere 2009, 75 (2): 234-42
19246073
This study evaluated nitrification performance and microbial ecology of nitrifying sludge in two full-scale wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) including a municipal WWTP treating 20mgNL(-1) of ammonium and a swine WWTP treating 220mgNL(-1) of ammonium. These two plants differed in both wastewater characteristics and operating parameters, such as influent COD, TKN, ammonium, hydraulic retention time, and solids retention time, even though both plants achieve >85% nitrification efficiency. By employing molecular techniques, including terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism, cloning-sequencing and phylogenetic analyses targeting the 16S ribosomal RNA and group specific ammonia-monooxygenase functional gene (amoA), microbial community structures of nitrifying sludge and their significance to nitrification performance were evaluated. The results reveal that for the municipal WWTP Nitrosomonas marina-like AOB (ammonia-oxidizing bacteria) and Nitrospira-like NOB (nitrite-oxidizing bacteria) were the ubiquitously dominant nitrifiers, while Nitrosomonas europaea-, Nitrosomonas oligotropha-, and Nitrosospira-like AOB and Nitrobacter- and Nitrospira-like NOB were the major nitrifying populations found in the swine WWTP. The observed dissimilar nitrifying populations prevailing in these two plants may be related to niche differentiation concerning ammonium concentrations, system operation, and salinity. Moreover, our results suggest that the swine nitrifying sludge, involving relatively diverse AOB and NOB populations that perform the same task but with distinct growth and survival characters, may allow communities to maintain nitrifying capabilities when conditions change such as sudden increases in ammonium concentrations as examined with nitrification kinetic batch tests.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19246073
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"