Additive prognostic value of NT-proBNP over TIMI risk score in intermediate-risk patients with acute coronary syndrome

Nihan Kahya Eren, Faruk Ertaş, Umit Yüksek, Cayan Cakir, Cem Nazli, Mehmet Köseoğlu, Oktay Ergene
Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır 2009, 37 (1): 1-8

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) for further risk stratification of intermediate-risk patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS).

STUDY DESIGN: The study included 137 intermediate-risk patients (85 men, 52 women; mean age 62+/-11 years) with ACS, based on the TIMI risk score (scores 3 to 5). Serum NT-proBNP levels were measured 12 hours after the last anginal episode. The patients were divided into four groups according to the following NT-proBNP quartiles: 17-310 pg/ml (n=34), 313-688 pg/ml (n=35), 724-2,407 pg/ml (n=34), and 2,575-24,737 pg/ml (n=34). Primary endpoint of the study was mortality. The mean follow-up was 21.8+/-7.1 months.

RESULTS: There were 27 deaths (19.7%), 14 of which were in the 4th quartile (4th vs 1st, 2nd, and 3rd quartiles: p=0.02, p=0.01, and p<0.01, respectively). The first three quartiles did not differ significantly in this respect. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients in the 4th quartile had the lowest cumulative survival (log rank test, 4th vs 1st, 2nd, and 3rd quartiles: p=0.041, p=0.026, and p=0.009, respectively). NT-proBNP level was significantly higher in nonsurvivors than in survivors (p=0.01). In univariate analysis, mortality was also associated with the TIMI risk score, ejection fraction, and age. Patients who died were older (65.6+/-11.9 years vs 60.7+/-11.0 years; p=0.048) and had a lower ejection fraction (46.3+/-11% vs 54.1+/-9.8%; p<0.001) than patients who survived. Mortality rates corresponding to TIMI risk scores of 3, 4, and 5 were 25.9%, 29.6%, and 44.4%, respectively (p=0.58 for TIMI 3 vs 4; p=0.001 for TIMI 3 vs 5; p=0.013 for TIMI 4 vs 5). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that only TIMI risk score was an independent predictor of mortality (hazard ratio 2.3, 95% confidence interval 1.4-3.8, p=0.001).

CONCLUSION: NT-proBNP has an additive predictive value over TIMI risk score in predicting long-term mortality in intermediate-risk patients with ACS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"