COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Efficacy and safety of segmental pulmonary vein isolation and circumferential pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation: a comparative study]

Hai-bin Tan, Xi-li Yang, Xu-tao Wen
Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University 2009, 29 (1): 128-32
19218132

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of segmental pulmonary vein isolation (SPVI) and circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) guided by EnSite NavX system in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).

METHODS: Eighty-five patients with paroxysmal AF and persistent AF were enrolled in this study. Forty patients (30 with paroxysmal AF and 10 with persistent AF) underwent SPVI procedure, and 45 (31 with paroxysmal AF and 14 with persistent AF) underwent CPVA guided by EnSite NavX three-dimensional electrophysiological mapping system. All the patients were followed up for over six months.

RESULTS: The success rate was 65% in the SPVI group and 84.4% in the CPVI group (P=0.0332), with incidence of major complications of 17.5% and 6.7%, respectively (P=0.0845). In the SPVI group, 12.5% patients had pulmonary vein stenosis after the operation, which occurred in none of the patients in the CPVI group (P=0.0312). The total procedure time was 200.4+/-37.0 min in the SPVI group, significantly shorter than that in the CPVI group (226.5+/-26.1 min, P=0.002). The fluoroscopy time in the SPVI group was obviously longer than that in the CPVI group (54.7+/-9.7 vs 27.1+/-3.1 min, P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: CPVI guided by EnSite NavX system is more effective than SPVI for treatment of atrial fibrillation with significantly shortened fluoroscopy time but prolonged procedure time. The two procedures results in comparable incidences of major complications, but CPVI is associated with reduced rate of pulmonary vein stenosis in comparison with SPVI.

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