JOURNAL ARTICLE

Usefulness of a breath-holding acquisition method in PET/CT for pulmonary lesions

Toshiaki Yamaguchi, Osamu Ueda, Hideyuki Hara, Hiroto Sakai, Tohru Kida, Kayo Suzuki, Shuji Adachi, Kazunari Ishii
Annals of Nuclear Medicine 2009, 23 (1): 65-71
19205840

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of a breath-holding (BH) (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET) technique for PET/computed tomography (CT) scanning of pulmonary lesions near the diaphragm, where image quality is influenced by respiratory motion.

METHODS: In a basic study, simulated breath-holding PET (sBH-PET) data were acquired by repeating image acquisition eight times with fixation of a phantom at 15 s/bed. Free-breathing PET (FB-PET) was simulated by acquiring data even as moving the phantom at 120 s/bed (sFB-PET). Images with total acquisition times of 15 s, 30 s, 45 s, 60 s, and 120 s were generated for sBHPET. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses and determination of the statistical significance of differences between sFB-PET images and sBH-PET images were performed. A total of 22 pulmonary lesions in 21 patients (12 men and 9 women, mean age 61.3 +/- 10.6 years, 10 benign lesions in 9 patients and 12 malignant lesions in 12 patients) were examined by FB-PET and BH-PET). For evaluation of these two acquisition methods, displacement of the lesion between CT and PET was considered to be a translation, and the statistical significance of differences in maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) of the lesion was assessed using the paired t test.

RESULTS: In the basic study, sBH-PET images with acquisition times of 45 s, 60 s, and 120 s had significantly higher diagnostic accuracy than 120-s sFB-PET images (P < 0.05). In clinical cases, translation of the BH-PET images was significantly lower than that of the FB-PET images (benign: 5.29 +/- 4.02 mm vs. 11.79 +/- 8.27 mm, P = 0.005; malignant: 4.29 +/- 3.36 mm vs. 18.26 +/- 12.31 mm, P = 0.003). The SUV(max) of the lesions in the BH-PET images was significantly higher than that in the FB-PET images (benign: 2.40 +/- 0.86 vs. 2.20 +/- 0.85, P = 0.005; malignant: 4.84 +/- 2.16 vs. 3.75 +/- 2.11, P = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: BH-PET provides images with better diagnostic accuracy, avoids image degradation owing to respiratory motion, and yields more accurate attenuation correction. This method is very useful for overcoming the problem of respiratory motion.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19205840
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"