Serous pigment epithelial detachment in age-related macular degeneration: comparison of different treatments

A Lommatzsch, B Heimes, M Gutfleisch, G Spital, M Zeimer, D Pauleikhoff
Eye 2009, 23 (12): 2163-8

AIMS: To investigate the therapeutic effects of different treatments on serous pigment epithelium detachment (PED) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

METHODS: A total of 328 patients suffering from serous PED in AMD were retrospectively analysed. We treated only patients with documented visual deterioration: 86 patients with bevacizumab, 128 with ranibizumab, 60 with pegaptanib, and 54 with photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA). Best-corrected vision was determined in the logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR). We also analysed morphological findings such as full foveal thickness by optical coherence tomography (OCT), manually calculated height of PED as measured by OCT, and fluorescence angiography.

RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 42.4 weeks. The best-corrected visual acuity of 0.78 logMAR before treatment could be improved by about 0.066 logMAR after treatment. Retinal thickness decreased in all patients with PED, in the mean by about 64.06 microm, and the mean value of the manually calculated height decreased by about 0.98 units. All functional and morphological results proved to be significantly better after injection of ranibizumab and bevacizumab than after pegaptanib and the combined treatment with PDT and IVTA. In all, 41 (12.5%) of our patients developed a tear of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

CONCLUSION: The therapeutic results were significantly better in patients treated with bevacizumab and ranibizumab than in those treated with pegaptanib or with a combination of PDT and IVTA. Even with treatment, tears of the RPE or only a partial flattening of the PED always indicated a worse prognosis in eyes with exudative AMD than in eyes with classic choroidal neovascularization.

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