Pharmacokinetics of lopinavir in HIV type-1-infected children taking the new tablet formulation once daily

Michiel van der Flier, Gwenda Verweel, Linda C van der Knaap, Petronette van Jaarsveld, Gert-Jan Driessen, Manon van der Lee, Nico G Hartwig, David M Burger
Antiviral Therapy 2008, 13 (8): 1087-90

BACKGROUND: Recently, a new tablet formulation of the widely used HIV protease inhibitor lopinavir/ritonavir was licensed. Here, we present a pilot study of the pharmacokinetics of the new adult tablet formulation taken once daily in children.

METHODS: Lopinavir pharmacokinetics of the new adult tablet formulation were evaluated in 15 HIV type-1-infected children between 4 and 15 years of age. A target dose of 460/115 mg/m2 was administered once daily. Plasma concentrations of lopinavir over the course of 24 h were determined with a validated HPLC method.

RESULTS: The median lopinavir dose was 498 mg/m2 (range 424-548). The mean +/- SD for lopinavir area under the 24 h curve was 217.9 +/- 44.9 mg/l x h, the maximum concentration was 14.8 +/- 2.4 mg/l and the concentration 24 h after intake was 3.1 +/- 2.6 mg/l. The half-life of lopinavir was 5.8 +/- 4.5 h and the median time to maximum concentration was 5.8 h (range 1.8-12.2). Overall, the tablet formulation resulted in greater exposure to lopinavir with less variability compared with the soft-gel capsule formulation. All children treated with the new adult tablet formulation had undetectable viral loads (< 50 copies/ml) during 24 weeks follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: The tablet formulation could probably result in improved lopinavir dosing and increases the feasibility of once-daily lopinavir/ritonavir-based regimens in children.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"