Integrated genome-wide DNA copy number and expression analysis identifies distinct mechanisms of primary chemoresistance in ovarian carcinomas

Dariush Etemadmoghadam, Anna deFazio, Rameen Beroukhim, Craig Mermel, Joshy George, Gad Getz, Richard Tothill, Aikou Okamoto, Maria B Raeder, Paul Harnett, Stephen Lade, Lars A Akslen, Anna V Tinker, Bianca Locandro, Kathryn Alsop, Yoke-Eng Chiew, Nadia Traficante, Sian Fereday, Daryl Johnson, Stephen Fox, William Sellers, Mitsuyoshi Urashima, Helga B Salvesen, Matthew Meyerson, David Bowtell
Clinical Cancer Research 2009 February 15, 15 (4): 1417-27

PURPOSE: A significant number of women with serous ovarian cancer are intrinsically refractory to platinum-based treatment. We analyzed somatic DNA copy number variation and gene expression data to identify key mechanisms associated with primary resistance in advanced-stage serous cancers.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Genome-wide copy number variation was measured in 118 ovarian tumors using high-resolution oligonucleotide microarrays. A well-defined subset of 85 advanced-stage serous tumors was then used to relate copy number variation to primary resistance to treatment. The discovery-based approach was complemented by quantitative-PCR copy number analysis of 12 candidate genes as independent validation of previously reported associations with clinical outcome. Likely copy number variation targets and tumor molecular subtypes were further characterized by gene expression profiling.

RESULTS: Amplification of 19q12, containing cyclin E (CCNE1), and 20q11.22-q13.12, mapping immediately adjacent to the steroid receptor coactivator NCOA3, was significantly associated with poor response to primary treatment. Other genes previously associated with copy number variation and clinical outcome in ovarian cancer were not associated with primary treatment resistance. Chemoresistant tumors with high CCNE1 copy number and protein expression were associated with increased cellular proliferation but so too was a subset of treatment-responsive patients, suggesting a cell-cycle independent role for CCNE1 in modulating chemoresponse. Patients with a poor clinical outcome without CCNE1 amplification overexpressed genes involved in extracellular matrix deposition.

CONCLUSIONS: We have identified two distinct mechanisms of primary treatment failure in serous ovarian cancer, involving CCNE1 amplification and enhanced extracellular matrix deposition. CCNE1 copy number is validated as a dominant marker of patient outcome in ovarian cancer.

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