QTL, additive and epistatic effects for SCN resistance in PI 437654

Xiaolei Wu, Sean Blake, David A Sleper, J Grover Shannon, Perry Cregan, Henry T Nguyen
TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 2009, 118 (6): 1093-105
PI 437654 is a unique accession because of its resistance to nearly all HG types (races) of soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe; SCN). Objectives of this study were to confirm and refine the locations and gene action associated with SCN resistance previously discovered in PI 437654, and to identify new QTLs that may have been missed because of low coverage with genetic markers used in previous studies. Using 205 F(7:9) RILs and 276 SSR and AFLP molecular markers covering 2,406.5 cM of 20 linkage groups (LGs), we confirmed and refined the locations of major SCN resistance QTLs on LG-A2, -B1, and -G previously identified in PI 437654 or other resistant sources. We found that these major QTLs have epistatic effects among them or with other loci for SCN resistance. We also detected some new QTLs with additive or epistatic effects for SCN resistance to different HG types (races) on all LGs except LGs-B2 and -D1b. The QTL on LG-G was associated with resistance to HG types 2.5.7,, 0, and 2.7 (races 1, 2, 3, and 5), and it contributed a large proportion of the additive effects. The QTL on LG-A2 was associated with resistance to HG types 2.5.7 and 0 (races 1 and 3). The QTL on LG-B1, associated with resistance to HG types 2.5.7, 0, 2.7 (races 1, 3, and 5), was the similar QTL found in PI 90763 and PI 404198B. In addition to QTL on LGs-A2, -B1 and -G, a novel additive QTL associated with SCN resistance to HG types 0, 2.7, and (race 3, 5, and 14) was identified on LG-I flanked by Sat_299 and Sat_189. Several minor QTLs on LGs-C1, D1a, H, and K were also found to be associated with SCN resistance. Confirmation of the new resistance QTL is underway by evaluating another RIL population with a different genetic background.

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