JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Roles of hyperphosphatemia in vascular calcification]

Atsushi Shioi, Yoshiki Nishizawa
Clinical Calcium 2009, 19 (2): 180-5
19182356
Derangemenst of mineral metabolism including hyperphosphatemia occur along with progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) . Recent clinical studies suggest that hyperphosphatemia is a major risk factor for vascular calcification and cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Two pathophysiological processes are involved in the development of vascular calcification : apoptosis and phenotypic transition to chondrocytes or osteoblasts (chondro-/osteogenic differentiation) . Inorganic phosphate has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis and calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells through inhibiting gas6/Axl/PI3K/Akt pathway (cell survival pathway) . Moreover, inorganic phosphate has been shown to promote in vitro calcification of vascular wall cells by stimulating osteoblastic differentiation through a type III sodium-dependent phosphate co-transporter (PiT-1) . These molecular mechanisms suggest that hyperphosphatemia may play a pivotal role in progression of vascular calcification in CKD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19182356
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"