Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Outcome after endovascular revascularization of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

Acta Radiologica 2009 April
BACKGROUND: With an aging population, more patients might be treated for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). The goal of this treatment is to achieve a dialysis-free life or a well-controlled blood pressure with reduced risks of cardiovascular complications.

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty without stenting (PTRA) or with stenting (PTRS) for ARAS at one center.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 152 patients who underwent 203 PTRA/PTRS. All had hypertension, and 45% had azotemia. A retrospective collection of baseline and postprocedural number of antihypertensive drugs, blood pressure, and serum creatinine were analyzed during a follow-up of 3-18 months.

RESULTS: Technical success rate was 95%, and clinical benefit was seen in 63% of patients. Complications included a 30-day mortality rate of 1.5%, a total complication rate of 35%, and major adverse events in 13%. The major adverse events were highly related to azotemia. Major adverse events within 30 days, with permanent disability, were seen in 5% and almost exclusively in patients with moderate or severe renal impairment. A subgroup analysis of 28 patients with renal duplex resistive index (RI) pre-PTRA/S and 6 months' follow-up showed a benefit of PTRA/PTRS in 17 (68%) of the 25 patients with RI <80 and in all three (100%) of the patients with RI >or=80.

CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment of ARAS has an excellent technical success rate, with a clinical improvement rate of >60%. However, it is associated with a considerable complication rate. Serious complications are seen mainly in azotemic patients. Predictors of clinical response could not be identified. Renal duplex RI is questioned as a predictor of clinical outcome.

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