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Neonatal hypoglycemia in term, nondiabetic pregnancies.

OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence of hypoglycemia and identify risk factors in neonates from term, singleton, nondiabetic pregnancies.

STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a matched case-control study of term, singleton infants weighing more than 2500 g in nondiabetic pregnancies. Cases with hypoglycemia (glucose < 50 mg/dL) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, codes. Two controls per case were matched on race, maternal age, and birthweight. Conditional logistic regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: There were 116 cases and 232 controls studied. The incidence density of neonatal hypoglycemia was 24.7 per 1000 infant-days at risk. Hypoglycemia was less commonly associated with later gestational age (odds ratio [OR], 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.53-0.85 per week of gestation). Maternal fever during labor was more common with hypoglycemia (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 1.39-11.79). Public insurance was more than twice as common with hypoglycemia compared with those privately insured (OR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.17-4.58).

CONCLUSION: Neonatal hypoglycemia was associated with earlier gestational age, intrapartum fever, and public insurance.

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