OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Treatment of acute leukemia with unmanipulated HLA-mismatched/haploidentical blood and bone marrow transplantation

Xiao-Jun Huang, Dai-Hong Liu, Kai-Yan Liu, Lan-Ping Xu, Huan Chen, Wei Han, Yu-Hong Chen, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Dao-Pei Lu
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation 2009, 15 (2): 257-65
19167686
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains one of the best therapeutic options to cure acute leukemia (AL). However, many patients have no human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. Recently, we developed a new method for HLA-mismatched/haploidentical transplantation without in vitro T cell depletion (TCD). This method combined granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-primed bone marrow and peripheral blood with intensive immunosuppression. We analyzed the outcome of 250 consecutive patients with AL who underwent HLA-mismatched/haploidentical transplantation with 1-3 mismatched loci of HLA-A, B, and DR from family donors via our new transplant protocol. Two hundred forty-nine patients achieved sustained, full donor chimerism. The incidence of grade 2-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 45.8%, and that of grades 3 and 4 was 13.4%, which was not associated with the extent of HLA disparity. The cumulative incidence of total chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 53.9% and that of extensive cGVHD was 22.6% in 217 evaluable patients. One hundred forty-one of the 250 patients survived free of disease recurrence at a median of 1092 days (range: 442-2437 days) of follow-up. Seventeen patients received DLI as a treatment for relapse after transplantation and 7 patients achieved leukemia-free survival (LFS). The 3-year probability of LFS for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) was 70.7% and 55.9%, and for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) it was 59.7% and 24.8% in standard-risk and high-risk groups, respectively. Lower LFS were associated with diagnosis of acute leukemia in the high-risk group (P= .001, relative risk [RR], 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.94[1.535-5.631]) and the occurrence of aGVHD of grades 3 and 4 (P= .004). HLA-mismatched/haploidentical HSCT was feasible with unmanipulated blood and bone marrow harvest.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19167686
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"