Formant frequencies of normal breath sounds of snorers may indicate the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Jordi Sola-Soler, Raimon Jane, Jose Antonio Fiz, Jose Morera
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2008, 2008: 3500-3
Several differences between the airway of normal subjects and those with OSAS are well known. The characteristics of the upper airway may be indirectly studied through the formant frequencies of breathing sounds. In this work we analyze the formants of inspiration and exhalation sounds in snoring subjects with and without OSAS. Formant frequencies of inspiration and exhalation appear in the same bands as snores. Formant F1 is significantly lower in inspiration episodes of OSAS patients (p=0.008) with a decreasing tendency as the AHI increases (r=-0.705). In addition, this formant has a significantly higher variability SF1 in pathological subjects, for both inspiration (p=0.022) and exhalation (p=0.038) episodes, as was previously found in snores. A higher variability of formant frequencies seems to be an indicator of the presence of OSAS. The proposed technique could allow the identification of OSAS patients from normal breathing alone.

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