Pilot study using doxycycline-releasing stents to ameliorate postoperative healing quality after sinus surgery

Wouter Huvenne, Nan Zhang, Edze Tijsma, Britt Hissong, Judtih Huurdeman, Gabriele Holtappels, Sofie Claeys, Paul Van Cauwenberge, Hans Nelis, Tom Coenye, Claus Bachert
Wound Repair and Regeneration 2008, 16 (6): 757-67
Poor postoperative healing after sinus surgery is associated with high concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). The frontal recess is especially vulnerable to restenosis, and frontal sinus stents have been used to overcome this problem. However, the long-term success rate is still controversial and may be poor. In this perspective, we developed doxycycline (DC)-releasing stents, delivering the MMP-9 synthesis-suppressing agent locally to the frontal recess area. We evaluated postoperative MMP-9 levels, bacterial colonization, healing quality, and symptom scores in patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis with (CRSwNP) and without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP) (n=10) who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery during which the DC-releasing and placebo stents were placed. We found that MMP-9 concentrations were significantly lower at the side of the DC-releasing stent (3,414+/-582 ng/mL) compared with the contralateral placebo stent (9,172+/-2,564 ng/mL) (p<0.05) at month 3 postsurgery. DC stents adequately suppressed bacterial growth compared with placebo stents. Furthermore, the visual analog scale (VAS) for the frontal region was significantly better (mean value 75.1 vs. 52.8, p<0.001) compared with its placebo counterpart. We conclude that compared with placebo stents, DC-releasing stents significantly lowered MMP-9 concentrations and bacterial colonization locally, and improved postoperative healing quality after functional endoscopic sinus surgery, as demonstrated by visual analog scale and ostial closure.

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