JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Idiopathic massive spontaneous hemothorax: adhesion disruption.

BACKGROUND: Hemothorax has been reported to occur along with spontaneous pneumothorax due to adhesion disruption. Rupture of pleural adhesions spontaneously or after unnoticeable trivial trauma causing massive hemothorax alone is rare.

METHODS: We present a series of seven cases of idiopathic massive spontaneous hemothorax due to adhesion disruption, of which all required emergency thoracotomy with ligation or cauterization of bleeding adhesions.

RESULTS: Six patients had bleeding pleural lung adhesions of which five involved the upper lobes. Another had bleeding from pleuropericardial adhesions. All patients are doing well on follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: Disruption of pleural adhesions may cause massive hemothorax, requiring early surgical intervention. After thoracotomy the outcome in these patients is excellent.

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