Nitrate removal from aqueous solutions by cross-linked chitosan beads conditioned with sodium bisulfate

Sudipta Chatterjee, Dae S Lee, Min W Lee, Seung H Woo
Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009 July 15, 166 (1): 508-13
The investigation of adsorption of nitrate onto chitosan beads modified by cross-linking with epichlorohydrin (ECH) and surface conditioning with sodium bisulfate was performed. The results indicated that both cross-linking and conditioning increased adsorption capacity compared to normal chitosan beads. The maximum adsorption capacity was found at a cross-linking ratio of 0.4 and conditioning concentration of 0.1mM NaHSO(4). The maximum adsorption capacity was 104.0 mg g(-1) for the conditioned cross-linked chitosan beads at pH 5, while it was 90.7 mg g(-1) for normal chitosan beads. The Langmuir isotherm model fit the equilibrium data better than the Freundlich model. The mean adsorption energies obtained from the Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm model for all adsorption systems were in the range of 9.55-9.71 kJ mol(-1), indicating that physical electrostatic force was potentially involved in the adsorption process.

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