Growth inhibition in antimycin A treated-lung cancer Calu-6 cells via inducing a G1 phase arrest and apoptosis

Yong Hwan Han, Woo Hyun Park
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2009, 65 (2): 150-60
Antimycin A (AMA) inhibits mitochondrial electron transport between cytochrome b and c. We evaluated the effects of AMA on the growth of human lung cancer cell line, Calu-6. AMA inhibited the growth of Calu-6 cells. AMA induced a G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle in these cells at 72h. AMA increased a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKI), p27 and decreased CDK2, CDK4, and CDK6, as well as cyclin D1 and cyclin E in Calu-6 cells. AMA also induced apoptosis in Calu-6 cells. The apoptotic process in AMA-treated Calu-6 cells was accompanied by the up-regulation of Bax, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)), and the activation of caspase-3 and -8. All of the tested caspase inhibitors, especially pan-caspase inhibitor (Z-VAD), markedly rescued Calu-6 cells from AMA-induced Calu-6 cell death. Inhibitors of pan-caspase and caspase-8 also prevented the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)). AMA decreased the intracellular ROS levels but increased the O(2)(*-) levels in Calu-6 cells. In conclusion, AMA as a mitochondrial electron transport inhibitor decreased the growth of lung cancer Calu-6 cell via inducing a G1 arrest of the cell cycle and apoptosis.

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