Induction of ventricular fibrillation rather than ventricular tachycardia predicts tachyarrhythmia recurrences in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and implantable cardioverter defibrillator for secondary prophylaxis

Sascha Rolf, Wilhelm Haverkamp, Martin Borggrefe, Guenter Breithardt, Dirk Bocker
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2009, 11 (3): 289-96

AIMS: We sought to investigate the association of inducibility of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (PVT/VF) or sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (SMVT) at standardized programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) with the long-term likelihood of sudden death and/or fast VT in a large cohort of patients with idiopathic non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) for secondary prophylaxis.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 1994 and 2007, 160 consecutive patients with DCM and spontaneous sustained VT/VF or cardiac arrest underwent PVS prior to ICD implantation. Outcome data, particularly probability of survival without (sudden) death or appropriate ICD therapies for fast VT, were assessed during long-term follow-up. PVT/VF was induced in 50 (31%) and SMVT in 30 (19%) patients. During a mean follow-up of 53 +/- 15 months, we observed 19/50 (38%), 10/30 (33%), and 14/80 (18%) deaths in the PVT/VF, SMVT, and non-inducible group, respectively. These deaths were sudden in 7/50 (14%), 2/30 (7%), and 0/80 (0%) of patients, respectively. At least one fast VT was treated by the ICD in 26/50 (52%), 6/30 (20%), and 22/80 (28%) patients, respectively. PVT/VF but not SMVT-inducible patients had a significantly worse overall survival (log-rank P = 0.013), survival without sudden cardiac death (P < 0.01), or survival without fast VT (P < 0.01) according to Kaplan-Meier method than non-inducible patients. Additionally, survival free of fast VT was significantly worse in PVT/VF vs. SMVT-inducible patients (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: Inducibility of PVT/VF is a much stronger predictor of recurrences of fast VT as opposed to SMVT induction in DCM patients with ICD for secondary prevention.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"