JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Reconstruction of the acetabular in the Crowe III dysplastic hip]

Jing Tang, Hong-yi Shao, Qi-heng Tang, Qing Liu, Hai-jun Xu, Yi-xin Zhou
Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery] 2008 September 1, 46 (17): 1303-6
19094559

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the method and the outcome of the acetabular reconstruction in the Crowe III dysplastic hip.

METHODS: From January 2001 to June 2007, 43 cases (54 hips) were diagnosed osteoarthritis secondary to Crowe III dysplastic hip. Total hip arthroplasty was performed in all cases. The Harris score was 39 pre-operation. The method of the acetabular reconstruction included acetabular deepening (group A), medial-wall osteotomy (group B), femoral head bone grafting (group C). Radiography data and Harris score were taken to evaluate the clinical outcome.

RESULTS: The method of the acetabular reconstruction included acetabular deepening in 27 cases (34 hips), medial-wall osteotomy in 12 cases (15 hips), femoral head bone grafting in 4 cases (5 hips). Forty cases were followed up by the mean time of 29 months. The bone union time of the osteotomy and bone grafting were 4 - 5 months postoperation. In the three groups the obliquity angle of the cup were (41.0 +/- 7.5) degrees , (46.0 +/- 7.7) degrees , (39.0 +/- 11.0) degrees ; the anteversion angle of the cup were (10.0 +/- 2.8) degrees , (9.0 +/- 2.5) degrees , (4.0 +/- 1.9) degrees ; the rotation center of the hip was shift superiorly (8.4 +/- 3.6) mm, (7.3 +/- 2.6) mm, (1.2 +/- 0.5) mm; the rotation center of the hip were shift internally (7.0 +/- 1.5) mm, (9.9 +/- 1.7) mm, (-2.7 +/- 1.2) mm, and the Harris score were 89, 91, 86 at the follow up. The complication included deep venous thrombosis in 2 cases, pulmonary embolism in 2 cases, sciatic nerve palsy in 4 cases.

CONCLUSION: Acetabular deepening, medial-wall osteotomy, femoral head bone grafting can be used in reconstruction of the acetabular in the Crowe III dysplastic hip.

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