Self-reported sleep disturbance of patients with heart failure in Taiwan

Hsing-Mei Chen, Angela P Clark, Liang-Miin Tsai, Yann-Fen C Chao
Nursing Research 2009, 58 (1): 63-71

BACKGROUND: Western research studies have found that sleep disturbances reduced quality of life and daily functioning of patients with heart failure; however, information about sleep disturbance is lacking in Taiwanese people with heart failure.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate predictors of self-reported sleep disturbances in Taiwanese people with heart failure. The hypothesis was that health-related quality of life (HRQOL) could have significant effect on sleep disturbances, after controlling for demographics, heart failure characteristics, and health-related characteristics.

METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was used. A purposive sample of 125 participants was recruited from the outpatient departments of two hospitals located in southern Taiwan. Participants were interviewed individually to complete the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and Perceived Health Scale instruments.

RESULTS: Self-reported sleep disturbances were prevalent (74%) among people with heart failure in Taiwan. Five predictors were identified using hierarchical multiple regression analyses with forward methods, accounting for 26.9% of variance in sleep disturbances. They were education, New York Heart Association functional classification, perceived health, HRQOL social functioning, and physical symptoms. After controlling for demographics, heart failure characteristics, and health-related characteristics, the analysis showed that two variables of HRQOL accounted for 9.8% of the variance in sleep disturbances.

DISCUSSION: The importance of ongoing screening for sleep disturbances in people with heart failure is highlighted based on the study findings about the prevalence of sleep disturbances among the participants in this study. Healthcare providers must understand the often multifactorial nature of sleep disturbances to achieve a better and more effective management.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"