OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Insulin glargine provides greater improvements in glycaemic control vs. intensifying lifestyle management for people with type 2 diabetes treated with OADs and 7-8% A1c levels. The TULIP study

J-F Blicklé, N Hancu, M Piletic, V Profozic, M Shestakova, M-P Dain, S Jacqueminet, A Grimaldi
Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 2009, 11 (4): 379-86
19087105

AIM: To determine whether earlier administration of insulin glargine (glargine) vs. the intensification of lifestyle management (LM) improves glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes patients with A1c 7-8% treated with oral therapy.

METHODS: TULIP [Testing the Usefulness of gLargine when Initiated Promptly in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)] was a 9-month, 12-visit, open-label, multinational, multicentre, randomized study to evaluate starting glargine or intensifying LM in T2DM patients aged 40-75 years, body mass index (BMI) 24-35 kg/m2 and A1c 7-8%, treated with maximum doses of metformin and sulphonylurea for > or = 2 years. Glargine was injected once daily (evening) and titrated to fasting blood glucose 0.7-1.0 g/l. In the LM arm, dietary and physical activity counselling recommended stable weight for people with BMI < 27 kg/m2 or weight loss of 3 kg for patients with BMI > or = 27 kg/m2. A total of 215 patients were randomized to glargine (n = 106) or LM (n = 109). The primary objective was patients achieving A1c < 7% at endpoint. Secondary endpoints included changes in A1c, in fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight and hypoglycaemia incidence.

RESULTS: Two hundred and eleven (52.6% male) patients were randomized and treated; mean (+/- s.d.) age 60.7 +/- 7.9 years, weight 84.5 +/- 13.1 kg, BMI 29.9 +/- 3.5 kg/m2 and A1c 7.6 +/- 0.4%. More patients reached A1c < 7% (66 vs. 38%; p < 0.0001) or < 6.5% (34 vs. 11%; p = 0.0001) with glargine vs. LM. The change in FPG from baseline to study endpoint was significantly greater in the glargine vs. the LM arm (-0.50 +/- 0.47 vs. -0.05 +/- 0.39 g/l respectively; p < 0.0001). Compared with the glargine group, the LM group showed a decrease in weight (+0.9 +/- 2.9 vs. -2.5 +/- 3.2 kg; p < 0.0001), as well as the expected lower symptomatic hypoglycaemia (55.3 vs. 25.0%; p < 0.0001) and nocturnal hypoglycaemia (20.4 vs. 5.6%; p = 0.0016). No significant changes were observed from baseline to study endpoint in any of the lipid parameters tested.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with T2DM with A1c 7-8%, who were previously treated by conventional LM and OAD therapy, adding glargine resulted in greater improvements in glycaemic control vs. intensifying LM.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19087105
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"