JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Histone H3 lysine 9 methylation is associated with the expression of hMLH1 and DNA methylation in gastric cancer cells]

Chun-Feng Meng, Xin-Jiang Zhu, Guo Peng
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2008 September 16, 88 (35): 2490-3
19080631

OBJECTIVE: To identify the association of his tone H3 lysine 9 (H3-K9) methylation with DNA methylation and the expression of the mismatch repair gene hMLH1 in human gastric cancer cells.

METHODS: Gastric cancer cells of the lines BGC-823 and MGC-803 were cultured and treated with 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-dC), a demethylation agent, for 72 hour. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to assess the status of histone H3 lysine 9 methylation in the promoter regions of hMLH1 gene. Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to evaluate the effect of 5-Aza-dC on DNA methylation status. RT-PCR was used to examine the hMLH1 gene expression.

RESULTS: In the MGC-803 cells, silenced hMLH1 gene was characterized by DNA methylation and histone H3-K9 hypermethylation; 5-Aza-dC demethylated the DNA and reduced the histone H3-K9 methylation at silenced loci and resulted in reactivation of hMLH1 gene therein. Contrary to the MGC-803 cells, BGC-823 cells expressed hMLH1 gene with DNA demethylation and histone H3-K9 hypomethylation; and 5-Aza-dC had no effects on the gene expression, DNA methylation, and histone H3-K9 methylation therein.

CONCLUSION: Hypermethylation of DNA in the promoter region is related to transcriptional silencing of hMLH1 gene. Histone H3-K9 methylation in different regions of the promoter studied correlates with DNA methylation status of hMLH1 gene in gastric cancer cells. Alteration of DNA methylation affects histone H3-K9 methylation. 5-Aza-dC can control hMLH1 expression, DNA methylation, and histone H3-K9 methylation in the promoter.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19080631
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"