The relationship between renal function and outcome from heart valve surgery

Patrick H Gibson, Bernard L Croal, Brian H Cuthbertson, Mildred Chiwara, Anne E Scott, Keith G Buchan, Hussein El-Shafei, George Gibson, Robert R Jeffrey, Graham S Hillis
American Heart Journal 2008, 156 (5): 893-9

BACKGROUND: The prognostic importance of renal function in patients undergoing surgery for valvular heart disease is poorly defined. The current study addresses this issue.

METHODS: Baseline demographic and clinical variables, including the European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation (EuroSCORE), were recorded prospectively from 514 consecutive patients undergoing heart valve surgery between April 2000 and March 2004. Patients with active infective endocarditis and/or requiring emergency surgery were excluded. The glomerular filtration rate was estimated (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality.

RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 2 years, 87 patients died. In univariable analysis, both eGFR (hazard ratio [HR] 0.69 per 10 mL/min per 1.73 m2, P<.001) and creatinine (HR 1.04 per 10 micromol/L, P<.001) predicted mortality. Estimated GFR was a stronger predictor and was used in subsequent multivariable models. It remained a powerful independent predictor of death in a multivariable model including all study variables (HR 0.70 per 10 mL/min per 1.73 m2 increase, P<.001) and in a model including EuroSCORE (HR 0.64 per 10 mL/min per 1.73 m2 increase, P<.001). After correction for preoperative EuroSCORE, an eGFR of <60 mL/min per 1.73 m2 was associated with an excess hazard of death of 2.31 (P=.001).

CONCLUSION: Renal function, particularly the eGFR, is a powerful predictor of outcome in patients undergoing heart valve surgery. This prognostic utility is independent of other recognized risk factors and the EuroSCORE.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"