MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Modelling placebo response in depression trials using a longitudinal model with informative dropout

Roberto Gomeni, Agnes Lavergne, Emilio Merlo-Pich
European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2009 January 31, 36 (1): 4-10
19041717
Dropouts are common events in longitudinal studies in depression. Ignoring missing information may lead to biased and inconsistent assessment of study results. A non-linear model was recently developed to describe the time-course of HAMD-17 clinical score in the placebo arms of antidepressant clinical trials. In this paper we complemented this model by introducing an informative dropout component to jointly estimate HAMD-17 time-course and dropout mechanism. The aims of this work were to: (a) characterise typical placebo response in depression trials in presence of dropouts, (b) explore which dropout mechanism better describe the time-varying probability of a subject to dropout from the trial, and (c) define a framework for the development of clinical trial simulation in depression. A meta-analytic approach was used on placebo data collected in 6 clinical trials including 695 subjects suffering from Major Depressive Disorders. Alternative hypotheses for "missingness" were evaluated using different hazard models. The "Missing Not At Random" performed statistically (p<0.01) better than "Missing At Random", that in turn performed better (p<0.01) than "Missing Completely At Random" model. This finding provided new insights on the validity of the analyses currently used in many longitudinal clinical trials to support the registration of a new medicinal product.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19041717
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"