Pediatric endocrine surgery: who is operating on our children?

Charles T Tuggle, Sanziana A Roman, Tracy S Wang, Leon Boudourakis, Daniel C Thomas, Robert Udelsman, Julie Ann Sosa
Surgery 2008, 144 (6): 869-77; discussion 877

BACKGROUND: High surgeon volume is associated with improved outcomes in adult endocrine surgery. This is the first population-based outcomes study for thyroidectomy/parathyroidectomy in children.

METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using 1999 to 2005 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample data. Outcomes included complications, length of stay (LOS), and costs. High-volume surgeons performed >30 cervical endocrine procedures per year in adults and children; pediatric surgeons restricted >90% of their practices to patients </=17 years old. Other surgeons fell into neither category. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS: We included 607 patients, representing 20% of the pediatric endocrine operations done between 1999 and 2005 in the United States. Seventy-six percent of patients were female. Among the procedures performed, 92% were thyroidectomies and 8% were parathyroidectomies. Surgeons were classified as follows: 18% High-volume, 21% Pediatric, and 61% Other. High-volume surgeons had the lowest LOS (1.5 days vs 2.3 Pediatric, 2.0 Other; P = .01), costs ($12,474 vs $19,594 Pediatric, $13,614 Other; P < .01), and complications (6% vs 11% Pediatric, 10% Other; P = NS). In multivariate analyses, case volume of the endocrine surgeons was an independent predictor of LOS and costs.

CONCLUSION: High-volume surgeons have better outcomes after thyroidectomy/parathyroidectomy in children compared with Pediatric and Other surgeons. Surgeon experience was an independent predictor of LOS and costs. High-volume endocrine and pediatric surgeons could combine expertise to improve outcomes in children.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"