JOURNAL ARTICLE

Basal vs. luminal A breast cancer subtypes: a matched case-control study using estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and HER-2 as surrogate markers

Ezzeldin Ibrahim, Aboelkhair M Al-Gahmi, Ahmed A Zeenelin, Jamal M Zekri, Tawfik R Elkhodary, Hussein E Gaballa, Ehab E Fawzy, Mohamed E El sayed, Mohamed S Alzahrani
Medical Oncology 2009, 26 (3): 372-8
19034706
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that encompasses several distinct entities with different biological characteristics and clinical behavior. Basal subtype is considered as a prognostically unfavorable subset. The purpose of this study is to compare the clinico-pathological characteristics and outcome of basal vs. luminal A subtype, as approximated by ER, PR, and HER-2. Sixty-four patients with basal breast cancer were matched for age, stage, and year of diagnosis with 64 patients having luminal A disease. Basal tumors were immunohistochemically defined by a lack of expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER-2, while luminal A cancers were ER+ or PR+, and HER-2-. As compared with luminal A, basal subtype patients had significantly larger primary tumor size, higher percentage of grade III tumor, more tumor that showed lymphovascular invasion, less presence of non-invasive disease, and higher proportion of extranodal extension. There was no statistically significant difference in metastatic sites, pathology type, or in the axillary lymph nodal status. A few patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy--13 and 9 patients in basal and luminal A groups, respectively). The complete pathological response was 20% and 14%, respectively (not significant). At a median follow-up of approximately 2 years, there was no statistically significant difference in the overall survival rate between basal and luminal A patients. Analysis of disease-free survival (DFS) for stage I-III (53 patients in each group) showed that the median DFS for basal patients was 41.4 months (95% CI, 26.5-55.3 months), whereas the DFS for the luminal A patients was not reached (P = 0.014). After adjusting for several significant prognostics variables identified in a univariate analysis, a multivariate conditional logistic regression analysis identified the negative effect of lymphovascular invasion and the favorable influence of the use of neoadjuvant and/or adjuvant chemotherapy. This matched case-control study confirmed the poor clinical and pathological characteristics of patients with basal subtype and their unfavorable outcome compared with luminal A disease. Management of basal tumors remains a challenging task, and new therapeutic strategies are warranted.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19034706
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"