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Pancreatic islets induce CD4(+) [corrected] CD25(-)Foxp3(+) [corrected] T-cell regulated tolerance to HY-mismatched skin grafts

Il-Hee Yoon, Seung-Eun Choi, Yong-Hee Kim, Seung-Ha Yang, Ji-Hyun Park, Chan-Sik Park, Youngji Kim, Jung-Sik Kim, Sang-Joon Kim, Elizabeth Simpson, Chung-Gyu Park
Transplantation 2008 November 27, 86 (10): 1352-60
19034003

BACKGROUND: The ability to induce and maintain antigen-specific immunologic tolerance is the ultimate goal in allo-transplantation. Here, we report that the transplantation of unmanipulated murine pancreatic islets across the HY disparity induced transplantation tolerance that prevented HY-mismatched skin grafts being rejected.

METHODS: Three hundred islet equivalent of freshly isolated islets from male C57BL/6 donor mice was transplanted underneath the kidney capsule of syngeneic female recipients rendered diabetic by streptozotocin. Nephrectomy was carried out to remove the islet graft and retransplantation was performed using the contralateral kidney. For skin transplantation, donor tail skin was transplanted onto the lateral thorax.

RESULTS: Islets from male C57BL/6 donors transplanted to syngeneic female recipients cured diabetes and the mice survived indefinitely. The acceptance of second grafts and rejection of third party islet grafts indicated antigen-specific transplantation tolerance. However, flow cytometry and ELISPOT analysis demonstrated that the HY-specific T cells were not deleted or anergized. A 2-fold increase of CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) was observed in spleen and lymph nodes. Notably, CD25- Tregs increased threefold over levels in naïve mice. Adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells to neonatal mice could transfer tolerance. At the graft site in long-term tolerant mice, CD4+ T cells, 40% of which were CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs (43% CD25-, 57% CD25+) infiltrated the peri-islet spaces.

CONCLUSIONS: Unmanipulated pancreatic islets can induce immunologic tolerance associated with peripherally induced CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs, a significant proportion of which notably are CD25-.

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