COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Vestibular neurectomy vs. chemical labyrinthectomy in the treatment of disabling Menière's disease: a long-term comparative study

Sébastien Schmerber, Georges Dumas, Nils Morel, Karim Chahine, Alexandre Karkas
Auris, Nasus, Larynx 2009, 36 (4): 400-5
19026499

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficiency of vestibular neurectomy (VN) and chemical labyrinthectomy (CL) in the treatment of Menière's disease's disabling vertigo, and to assess their subsequent effects on hearing.

METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 58 VN procedures and 35 CL procedures. Treatment results were assessed by caloric testing and pure-tone audiometry performed before and after treatment. Subjective success was defined by the number of recurrent attacks of vertigo and by the AAO-HNS vertigo scale.

RESULTS: Caloric testing revealed strong vestibular hyporeflexia in 91.0% of VN cases and 86.0% of CL cases. Vertigo recurred in 7.0% of cases in the VN group and in 11.4% of cases in the CL group. Mean pure-tone auditory thresholds increased from 45.00dB HL to 50.84dB HL (p=0.19) in the VN group and from 69.11dB HL to 74.51dB HL (p=0.41) in the CL group.

CONCLUSION: Vestibular neurectomy and chemical labyrinthectomy offer similar control of vertigo in patients with Menière's disease. CL is a simple, minimally invasive procedure that emerges as an effective method for treating Menière's disabling vertigo without causing significant hearing deterioration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19026499
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"