Hepatocyte differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells from human adipose tissue in vitro promotes hepatic integration in vivo

H Aurich, M Sgodda, P Kaltwasser, M Vetter, A Weise, T Liehr, M Brulport, J G Hengstler, M M Dollinger, W E Fleig, B Christ
Gut 2009, 58 (4): 570-81

OBJECTIVE: The hepatic integration of human adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAT-MSCs) in vivo with or without prior differentiation to hepatocyte-like cells in vitro was investigated.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Cells, isolated either from peritoneal or subcutaneous adipose tissue, expressed mesenchymal stem cell surface markers and featured multiple lineage differentiation. Under conditions favouring hepatocyte differentiation, hAT-MSCs gained hepatocytic functions in vitro including urea formation, glycogen synthesis, cytochrome P450 enzyme activity, and expression of hepatocyte-specific transcripts of carbamoylphosphate synthetase, albumin and cytochrome P450 type 3A4 (CYP3A4). Transgenic expression of green fluorescent protein emerged upon hepatocyte differentiation when driven by the hepatocyte-specific promoter of the cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene but was constitutive from the ubiquitin gene promoter. Human AT-MSCs were transplanted into livers of immunodeficient Pfp/Rag2-/- mice with or without prior hepatocyte differentiation in vitro. Donor-derived human cells engrafted in the mouse host liver predominantly in the periportal region of the liver lobule. They expressed HepPar1 and albumin, typical features of differentiated human hepatocytes, in the otherwise negative mouse liver background. Engraftment was significantly more efficient using hAT-MSCs pre-differentiated to hepatocyte-like cells in vitro as compared with undifferentiated cells.

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-differentiation of human MSCs from adipose tissue into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro facilitates long term functional hepatic integration in vivo.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"