Modified irinotecan plus bolus 5-fluorouracil/L-leucovorin for metastatic colorectal cancer at a single institution in Japan

Mitsukuni Suenaga, Nobuyuki Mizunuma, Daigo Shouji, Eiji Shinozaki, Satoshi Matsusaka, Keisho Chin, Masatoshi Oya, Toshiharu Yamaguchi, Tetsuichiro Muto, Kiyohiko Hatake
Journal of Gastroenterology 2008, 43 (11): 842-8

BACKGROUND: The modified irinotecan plus bolus 5-fluorouracil/L-leucovorin (IFL) regimen (irinotecan plus bolus 5-fluorouracil/L-leucovorin) used to be one of the standard treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer until approval of oxaliplatin in Japan. We evaluated the efficacy of modified IFL therapy for Japanese patients.

METHODS: Forty-seven patients with metastatic colorectal cancer received irinotecan (100 mg/m(2)) and bolus 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)) plus L-leucovorin (10 mg/m(2)) on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks until progression or unmanageable toxicity occurred. The data on toxicity and tumor response were analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS: All patients discontinued modified IFL therapy due to cancer progression, except for one patient who developed severe liver dysfunction. The overall response rate was 25%. The median progression-free survival time (PFS) was 8.6 [corrected] months. The median overall survival time (OS) was 27.8 [corrected] months for all patients, 30.9 [corrected] months for patients receiving subsequent oxaliplatin therapy, and 14.5 [corrected] months for patients without oxaliplatin (P = 0.0031). According to multivariate analysis results, good performance status, a normal white cell count, and absence of local recurrence were associated with a better PFS. Tumor response was a good prognostic factor for both PFS and OS. Gastrointestinal symptoms were the most common toxicities, including grade 3 diarrhea (8%) and grade 3 anorexia (10%). Grade 4 neutropenia occurred in 6% of patients. No other drug-related severe adverse events or deaths were observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Modified IFL therapy is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Modified IFL therapy combined with biological agents might remain an option for some patients who refuse a central venous catheter.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"