Upregulation of Fas and FasL in Taiwan cobra phospholipase A2-treated human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells through ROS- and Ca2+-mediated p38 MAPK activation

Ku-Chung Chen, Pei-Hsiu Kao, Shinne-Ren Lin, Long-Sen Chang
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 2009 January 1, 106 (1): 93-102
The aim of the present study is to elucidate the signaling pathway involved in death of human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells induced by Naja naja atra phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). Upon exposure to PLA(2), p38 MAPK activation, ERK inactivation, ROS generation, increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, and upregulation of Fas and FasL were found in SK-N-SH cells. SB202190 (p38MAPK inhibitor) suppressed upregulation of Fas and FasL. N-Acetylcysteine (ROS scavenger) and BAPTA-AM (Ca(2+) chelator) abrogated p38 MAPK activation and upregulation of Fas and FasL expression, but restored phosphorylation of ERK. Activated ERK was found to attenuate p38 MAPK-mediated upregulation of Fas and FasL. Deprivation of catalytic activity could not diminish PLA(2)-induced cell death and Fas/FasL upregulation. Moreover, the cytotoxicity of arachidonic acid and lysophosphatidylcholine was not related to the expression of Fas and FasL. Taken together, our results indicate that PLA(2)-induced cell death is, in part, elicited by upregulation of Fas and FasL, which is regulated by Ca(2+)- and ROS-evoked p38 MAPK activation, and suggest that non-catalytic PLA(2) plays a role for the signaling pathway.

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