Interleukin-6 promotes 2-deoxyglucose uptake through p44/42 MAPKs activation via Ca2+/PKC and EGF receptor in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes

Han Na Suh, Yu Jin Lee, Ho Jae Han
Journal of Cellular Physiology 2009, 218 (3): 643-52
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is involved in a variety of biological responses, including the glucose metabolism and cell growth, which is a critical physiological function requiring multiple metabolic pathways. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the effect of IL-6 on 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) uptake and the related signaling pathways in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes. IL-6 increased 2-DG uptake in a time- (> or =4 h) and a dose -(> or =5 ng/ml) dependent manner. Indeed, IL-6 increased GLUT-2 mRNA and protein expression as well as 2-DG uptake, which were blocked by actinomycin D (AD, transcription inhibitor) and cycloheximide (CHX, translation inhibitor). IL-6 (10 ng/ml) increased the level of IL-6Ralpha and glycoprotein (gp) 130 (IL-6Rbeta) protein expressions. IL-6 increased Janus Kinase (JAK)-2, signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 phosphorylation, intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, and PKC phosphorylation. IL-6-induced increase of 2-DG uptake and GLUT-2 protein expression were blocked by JAK2-specific siRNA, a STAT3 inhibitor, staurosporine, and bisindolylmaleimide I (PKC inhibitors). In addition, IL-6 increased EGFR/src/FAK, PI3K/Akt phosphorylation and 2-DG uptake as well as GLUT-2 protein expression, which were blocked by AG 1478 (EGF receptor inhibitor), PP2 (src family of tyrosine kinase inhibitor), PI3K-specific siRNA, and a Akt inhibitor. Furthermore, IL-6 increased p44/42 MAPKs phosphorylation and p44 and p42 MAPK-specific siRNA mixture blocked IL-6-induced increase of 2-DG uptake and GLUT-2 protein expression. In conclusion, IL-6 stimulates the 2-DG uptake through p44/42 MAPKs activation via Ca(2+)/PKC and EGF receptor in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes.

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