CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Successful split liver-kidney transplant for factor H associated hemolytic uremic syndrome.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A male infant with a family history of thrombotic microangiopathy developed atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS).

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Case report.

RESULTS: Genetic analysis demonstrated a heterozygous mutation (S1191L) of CFH, the gene coding complement factor H (CFH). The child suffered many episodes of HUS, each treated with plasma exchange. In time, despite initiation of a prophylactic regimen of plasma exchange, his renal function declined significantly. At the age of 4 yr he received a (split liver) combined liver-kidney transplant (LKT) with preoperative plasma exchange and enoxaparin anticoagulation. Initial function of both grafts was excellent and is maintained for nearly 2 yr.

CONCLUSIONS: This report adds to the small but growing number of individuals in whom LKT has provided a favorable outcome for aHUS associated with CFH mutation, expands the technique of using a split liver graft, and describes the unique histologic features of subclinical liver disease in HUS.

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