Using ventilation-induced plethysmographic variations to optimize patient fluid status

Olivier Desebbe, Maxime Cannesson
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology 2008, 21 (6): 772-8

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypovolemia is one of the most frequent causes of arterial hypotension in the operating room. Pulse oximeter plethysmographic waveform, obtained using a noninvasive and widely available device, has recently shown its potential interest in predicting fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients under mechanical ventilation. This review highlights new applications of this routine monitoring.

RECENT FINDINGS: Respiratory variations in the plethysmographic waveform amplitude have been correlated with respiratory variations in arterial pulse pressure and can predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients under general anesthesia. Until recently, pulse oximeter plethysmographic waveform had to be recorded and analyzed off line using software algorithms. Bringing this new index into the clinical field would require devices allowing for automated and continuous real time calculation. Such devices will have potential to guide fluid optimization in the operating room.

SUMMARY: Automatic detection of respiratory variations in pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform amplitude can predict fluid responsiveness in the operating room in patients under mechanical ventilation and has potential for fluid optimization in this setting.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"